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     GLOSSARY: A
 
 
   A   ||  B  ||  ||   ||  E > G  ||  H > I  ||  L > M  ||  N > O  ||  P > R  ||  S  ||  T > Z  ||
A | A/D | AAGR | ADS -American Depository Share | Above the Market | Accumulation, ADR | Analysts | Accumulation/Distribution | Advanced Decline Line | Analysis | Arbitrage | Arbitrageur | Ascending Tops | At the Close Order | At the Market | At the Money Option | At the Opening Order | Authorized Share Capital | Average Down | Average
  GLOSSARY
1 A
BSE stock Group  specifying that the stock is in group A shares of the company. They are also called specified shares.
2 A/D
It is a technical analysis tool representing the total of differences between advances and declines of security prices. The advance/decline line is considered the best indicator of market movement as a whole, stock indices such as the BSE/ NSE Nifty only tell us the strength of 30 stocks on BSE or 50 Stocks on NSE where as the A/D line provides much more insight.

If the markets are up but there are more declining stocks than advancing ones it's usually a sign that the markets are losing their breadth. If the number of advancing issues are dominating the declining issues and the market is then said to be healthy. If it is falling, then the market is not healthy.

3 AAGR
AAGR stands for the average annual growth rate over a number of years.

Just as the the name says, it is the average growth rate. Say for example if your portfolio grows 10% one year and 20% the next, your AAGR would be 15%.

4 ADS -American Depository Share -
A share issued under deposit agreement that represents an underlying security in the issuers home country. The term ADR and ADS are thought to be the same, they sort of are. ADS is the actual share trading while ADR represents a bundle of ADSs.
5 Above the Market
A limit order to buy or sell a share/ security for a specified price that is higher than the current market price. A sell order may be placed above the market traded price at that point of time in an attempt to sell at higher prices. However, if the market does not reach these prices, the order will not get executed.
6 Accumulation
Accumulation is systematic buying in a security without significantly affecting the price where in strong long term holders buy under-valued securities to hold for a subsequent mark up phase. Accumulation is also referred to as the transfer of ownership from not so well-informed sellers to well-informed buyers. The public is viewed as sellers near bottoms and Professional as buyers.
7 ADR
ADR, or American Depository Receipt, are securities issued by commercial banks that represent the shares of a foreign company. The Bank of New York and JP Morgan are two of the leading ADR issuers. Company deposits a certain amount of shares with a commercial bank. The bank will then issue a tracking security based on a specific amount number of shares. ADRs trade just like any other stocks on US stock exchanges. Their performance usually parallels that of the parent company on its domestic exchange. ADRs offer international companies greater exposure and investors the chance to invest directly in top foreign companies. India ADR:- Infoysis Technology Limited, ICICI Limited, Satyam Infoway Limited, ICICI Bank Limited, Rediff.com India Limited, Silverline Technology, Wipro, VSNL, Dr Reddy, Satyam Computer, HDFC Bank.
8 Analysts
A  professional that has expertise in evaluating investments based on Fundamental or Technical information and is typically  self employed/  employed by brokerage firms, investment advisors, or mutual funds. Analysts make buy, sell and hold recommendations on securities. Most specialize in specific industries or sectors to allow for more in-depth research. Analysts do the ground work for brokers/ institutions / investors and prepare the research report for there use.
9 Accumulation/Distribution
A momentum indicator that associates changes in price and volume. It is based on the premise that a price move is more significant with more volume. When there are more buyers than sellers on a particular stock then it is under accumulation, but when there are more sellers then buyers the stock is under distribution. Check the links below for some great charts and explanation on how to implement this.
10 Advanced Decline Line

A technical analysis tool representing the total of differences between advances and declines of security prices. The advance/decline line is considered the best indicator of market movement as a whole, stock indices such as the BSE index only tell us the strength of 30 stocks where as the A/D line provides much more insight.

If the markets are up but there are more declining stocks than advancing ones it's usually a sign that the markets are losing their breadth. If the number of advancing issues are dominating the declining issues and the market is then said to be healthy. If it is falling, then the market is not healthy

11 Analysis
It is a  process of examining the detailed composition of a situation based on fundamental or Technical or combination of both in order to identify the condition of the market.
12 Arbitrage 
Attempting to profit by simultaneously purchasing and selling the same or equal securities in a manner which takes advantage of price differences prevailing in different Exchanges.
13 Arbitrageur  Someone who practices arbitrage for profit gain.
14 Ascending Tops
This refers to a series of peaks, each peak higher than the previous one on the stock's chart pattern This is considered a very bullish indicator
15 At the Close Order  
An order which is to be executed at the end of the trading day close for buy or sell.
16 At the Market 
An order to buy or sell immediately at the currently available price during the market operation
17 At the Money Option 
An option with an exercise price equal to that of the underlying secu
18 At the Opening Order 
An order to buy or sell at a limited price on the initial transaction of the day.
19 Authorized Share Capital  
The maximum number of equity capital a company has been allowed or issued in the market.
20 Average Down
It is the process of buying additional shares in a company at lower prices than you originally purchased. This brings the "average price" you've paid for all your shares down. On reversal of trend this is a good strategy, other times it's better  sell off  rather than buying more shares
21 Average
A select sampling of stocks used to reflect the basic trends of the market or a specific portion of the market. The average is derived by taking the sum of the market value of the selected stocks and dividing that number by the number of issues or by a divisor that allows for stock splits or other changes in capitalization. Example:- Simple Moving Average,